Monday, May 25, 2020

Paul Johnson, Murder / Mystery / Thriller / Suspense

Paul Johnson, Murder/Mystery/Thriller/Suspense, author - Paul Johnson is 29 and  ¾. He says that with the smiley face symbol. He could be considered as an author with all the rights of its definition, but the word creative artist might be more fitting. To describe him in those terms would require a further question. What kind of artist? The Canadian, native who was born and continues to live in Calgary, Alberta, has always dabbled in art in some form or another. From a songwriter to making lotion, video editor, to an urban photography, Johnson’s love for creativity has constantly guided his footsteps and been a major source of his income. No matter the city, the time or place, he was drawn to creativity like a moth to a fire. Johnson, who†¦show more content†¦This suspenseful mystery volume was developed over a course of experiences and different times in Johnson’s life and was almost ‘unintentionally’.† In this book, Paul wanted readers to follow his character Jayson Patrick who was marred by the normality of human changes; breakups, self-doubt, addiction and other challenges. Johnson was asked to give us an insight into his character. He said this. â€Å"Jayson Patrick extraordinary or special it is his resilience in the face of those circumstances that are extraordinary. His vulnerability and the fact that he is only qualified to be a part of these exploits by circumstance. He is a man facing many of the challenges that many of us do while having unbelievable circumstances thrown his way. This is a character you may not wish to emulate but one that I hope readers grow to care about as they watch him develop as a person.† Paul is nearly 10,000 words into the first draft of [Criminal?] successors. He doesn’t use an outline for his stories but keeps extensive notes to ensure that the details and the continuity remain at the level and quality that he desires. And unlike [Criminal?], which is a novella, the â€Å"second installment† of the series is a set to be a full-length novel. As creative as he is, Johnson says that the hardest thing about writing is creating a story from the idea in your mind, then sharing it with others, who must in turn, understand the thoughts that

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Munchausen Syndrome A Mental Illness Essay - 1470 Words

Munchausen syndrome, also referred to as factitious disorder, is a mental condition in which sufferers cause or pretend to have physical or psychological symptoms that are not actually occurring. Munchausen syndrome is considered to be a mental illness because it is associated with severe emotional difficulties that are present with the illness. Due to the fact that there are no reliable statistics regarding the number of people in the United States who suffer from Munchausen syndrome, it is considered to be a rare condition to have. Even before getting its current name, this condition has been described since the biblical times. For example, sufferers of this syndrome during the Middle Ages went as far as scraping off their skin and putting leeches in their mouths to induce bleeding. This illness was named after Baron Karl Friedrich von Munchausen who lived from 1720 to 1797 and was known for claiming to ride cannonballs and traveling to the moon. The reason why I choose this psychological disorder was because it was brand new topic to me. I was very interested in the fact of not knowing anything about this topic previously so I was able to go into this research with a blank slate. After researching what this syndrome was, my main topic of interest was that Munchausen Syndrome is a largely unexplained phenomena, as it is both quite rare and difficult to diagnose. It is also practically impossible to treat, as most people will emerge with negative results. Most of theShow MoreRelatedMunchausen Syndrome By Proxy Is A Mental Illness And Form Of Child Abuse1856 Words   |  8 Pages Munchausen syndrome by proxy is a mental illness and form of child abuse that claims the lives of 9% of its victims (Heffner, 2004). It is defined as, â€Å"a psychological disorder in which a parent, typically a mother, harms her child (as by poisoning), falsifies the child s medical history, or tampers with the child s medical specimens in ord er to create a situation that requires or seems to require medical attention† (Merriam-Webster, 1977). In most cases, the mother is the abuser and plaguesRead MoreMy Search For A Mental Illness I Came Upon Munchausen Syndrome By Proxy1490 Words   |  6 Pages In my search for a mental illness I came upon Munchausen Syndrome by proxy which is a stem from regular Munchausen Syndrome. This mental illness was deep and caught my interest by the complexity of the disease and that cases that have been studied. The horrific cases of said mental illness caught my eye and I knew instantly I had to explore in depth the condition. The love between a mother and her children is an unbreakable bond, until Munchausen Syndrome by proxy takes a role in the relationshipRead MoreEssay Taking a Closer Look at Mà ¼nchausen Syndrome1026 Words   |  5 Pages Mà ¼nchausen syndrome is a psychiatric disorder that is distinguished by the patient causing or faking physical or psychological ailments for the sole purpose of being admitted to the hospital. A psychiatric consult nurse sees about one or two Mà ¼nchausen cases a month (Interview with John Hauber, RN). Out of the entire United States population, only half to two percent of people have the disorder (med, but the number is probably higher than that because the statistic shown only representsRead MoreTaking a Look a the Munchausen Syndrome816 Words   |  3 PagesMunchausen!!! If you know someone with munchausen syndrome, you know how bad the disease is. If you dont know someone with the disease, I will tell you all about it. the disease isnt very big or popular anymore, because not a lot of women dont have this disease anymore. I have done a lot of research, and most of the diagnoses were done in the 1900s, but the disease is still around some places. This disease is mostly diagnosed to women, because most men dont feel the need to these kind ofRead MoreMental Health1329 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿Mental Health Essay Mental health is all about how we think, feel and behave. It refers to our cognitive, and/or our emotional wellbeing. It describes a sense of wellbeing. Mental health ‘problems’ or ‘difficulties’ are terms used to describe temporary reactions to a painful event, stress, or systems of drug or alcohol use, lack of sleep or physical illness. It can also be used to describe long-term psychiatric conditions, which may have significant effects on an individual’s functioning. SomeRead MoreMunchausen Syndrome : A Rare Mental Disorder And The Most Severe Type Of Factitious Disorder3346 Words   |  14 Pages Munchausen Syndrome Stephen Balka Medical Careers Institute â€Æ' Abstract Munchausen syndrome is a rare mental disorder and the most severe type of factitious disorder. Those afflicted with Munchausen syndrome fabricate or cause injuries and illness in order to seek attention even to the point of undergoing painful, intrusive and unneeded medical and surgical procedures. Psychotherapy is the main treatment option for Munchausen syndrome, however there are no standard therapies or medicationsRead MoreHistory Of Munchausen Syndrome By Proxy2014 Words   |  9 PagesHistory of Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy The term Munchausen Syndrome by proxy was named in 1951 by Asher after a well-known German Baron story teller (Campbell V, McDougall, Justice G., 2015). Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy was defined as an acute illness which is supported by dramatic and plausible history by Asher (Campbell V, McDougall, Justice G., 2015). Asher characterized Munchausen Syndrome’s condition as an intense desire to deceive people as much as they can in order to be the center of attentionRead MoreEssay on Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy: Sick Kid or Sick Parent?(4)1262 Words   |  6 PagesMunchausen Syndrome by Proxy: Sick Kid or Sick Parent?(4) In relating the details of Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy (MSBP), the initial reaction is usually shock, followed quickly by fascination. The reason for the latter is that the medical community has yet to make up their minds about what exactly MSBP is. The debate: psychiatric disorder v. child abuse. Essentially the arguments for both create a divide between the brain and behavior, though not relating the two. Munchausen Syndrome isRead MoreA Brief Note On The Medical Child Abuse1929 Words   |  8 Pagesabuse Denise Eversole Lord Fairfax Community College Abstract Munchausen by Proxy Syndrome (MBPS) is a disorder of which should bring awareness to the medical field. It is not well understood and brings a lot of controversy. This disorder is when a parent, usually the mother, who purposely causes illness to her child rather physically or emotionally. The disorder was named after Baron von Munchausen, from the 18th century who gained fame from his tales. The child only becomesRead MoreFactitious Disorders1539 Words   |  7 Pagesand Factitious Diseases. Most aggressive study of the disorder began in 1950s, when an article published by a British psychiatrist, Richard Asher who initiated use of the term, Munchausen’s Syndrome[i], to describe a subtype of factitious disorder. The term factitious disorders (FD) refers to â€Å"any illness deliberately produced or falcified for the sole purpose of assuming the sick role.   Patients waste valuable time and resources with lenthy and unnecessary tests and procedures at a cost, accor ding

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Multiplication Is For White People - 982 Words

â€Å"Multiplication is for White People,† is a very interesting title for a book. Immediately, I thought the book may be about the disadvantages that black children experience relative to white children as it relates to education. Due to the raising expectations in the educational system, there seems to still be an achievement gap among black children and white children in schools. Author Lisa Delpit, provides the reader with a picture of two decades of school reform that leaves people of color feeling that higher education is at a disadvantage. Her research on the historical reform events in education really provided a connection to the metaphor â€Å"Multiplication is for White People,† used as the title of her book. Systematic reform can be defined as specific elements or components in an educational system. Reform is used to aspire change within a specific district or state, that is designed to achieve common objectives. After reading Chapter Six of Author Lisa Delpit (2012) book, â€Å"Multiplication is for White People†, I wonder if systematic reform can ever be achieved. Delpit provided an overview of how Brown vs. Board of Education set the tone for the achievement gap back in the 1960’s. Immediately following the desegregation of schools, black professionals were being replaced with white professionals. In certain circumstances, most of the white teachers and administrators were being hired to replace black teachers or administrators. Delpit provided an example thatShow MoreRelatedMultiplication Is for White People845 Words   |  4 PagesDiscussion Question Student’s Name: Institutional Affiliation Course Date of Submission Contemporary education reforms study on the continuous black-white achievement gap in the public schools, in America. In the book, â€Å"Multiplication is meant for White People†: Raising Expectations for Other people’s Children, Lisa Delpit focuses on these reforms and informs educators that education gap does not exist at birth.. Through her experience in the field andRead MoreRacism And Inequality : An Adult Homework Helper For The Sumner Library870 Words   |  4 Pagesshould handle these injustices. Multiplication is for White People by Lisa Delpit and the episode of the podcast â€Å"This American Life: Three Miles† illustrate the systemic inequality ingrained in the educational system of the United States, while Michael J. Sandel’s book Justice explores how communities should deal with the injustice. My service learning as an Adult Homework Helper for the Sumner Library is an attempt to combat the injustice towards disadvantaged people perpetuated by various systemsRead MoreYoung and Gifted - Original Writing Essay1661 Words   |  7 Pagesso frustrated with his school and the people in it. The teachers seemed to underestimate him and his abilities by making him perform the same meaningless tasks as the rest of the class. But he never lost his passion for learning. The little boy would sit for hours at the public library, the only place where he felt at comfortable, making his friends in the authors and living his life in other worlds. Adam felt that the only people who could possibly understand him wereRead MoreA Report On The Philippines Constitution Of Republic Indonesia1107 Words   |  5 Pagesstage as Pak, as he highlighted that there are conflicts between foreign firms and their local environment which is primarily political, social and cultural . In overcoming the conflicts, the government ought to take the clear step to protect its people. Keynesian theory pressed that the hand of the government is needed to save the unemployment , although there are unfinished debates about whether the state has to put its hand in the economy (market) or just positioned, as Adam Smith cited, as theRead MoreTeaching Should Be Supportive And Demanding1175 Words   |  5 Pagescomprehension, handwriting, and composition (Wilkins, Angela, Garside, 2002). What, then, is the treatment for dyslexia? The treatment, the only prescription for the medical diagnosis of dyslexia is academic intervention. The goal of programs for people with dyslexia should be to help students reach their full potential for learning. â€Å"Teaching should be supportive and demanding† (Wilkins, Angela, Garside, 2002). When looking for an suitable program, these are some things that should be considered:Read MoreNvq Level 21583 Words   |  7 Pagesresponsibilities 4.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Describe the correct practice in the application and removal of PPE. PPE should only be warn once and disposed off in the correct way. 5.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Describe the correct procedure for disposal of used PPE. All used PPE should be put in white bags and removed before leaving the room to prevent cross infection. Taken into the laundry room with a trolley and put into black bin bags. When they are full taken out and put in waste bins. Outcome 6. 1. Describe the key principles of good personalRead MoreThe Presence of Bacteria in Unexpected Spots701 Words   |  3 Pages The presence of bacteria in unexpected spots and locations originate from their ability to thrive in the most uninviting and forbidding places on the planet. Actually, some medical professionals state that germs like bacteria that attack healthy people daily are normally found in locations they are least expected. A huge portion of these bacteria i.e. 80 percent are spread through hand contact by several individuals. Some of the locations where bacteria can be found include the following  ¦ KitchenRead MoreThe National Collaborating Centre For Women And Childrens Health Case Study905 Words   |  4 Pagesmacrophages (white blood cells), stimulation of acute-phase protein synthesis, iron sequestration, and anorexia. (Spacer, 1994). This helps starve bacteria and viruses that need iron to live. Through these physiological changes, it seems fever has an important adaptive role in the hosts survival during infectious episodes. Other studies such as that performed by Antranik et al (2012), also agree that a fever raising the body temperature enhances the immune response, increases the production of white bloodRead MoreThe Roots Of Modern Day Discrimination1049 Words   |  5 Pagesthe conquered people were either killed or enslaved and their culture lost or looked down upon. Such conflicts also brought upon the conception of xenophobia as enslaved people were given no respect and disdained for their cultural and militaristic â€Å"inferiority†. A more recent view at discrimination can be seen with Africans following the beginning of transatlantic trade. The seemingly less technologically sophisticated culture of Africans combined with the elitist disposition of white westernersRead MoreThe Impact Of Drug Trafficking And Organized Crime1099 Words   |  5 Pagesas high numbers of people indulging in organized crime. Drug law enforcement personnel face problems when protecting the United States borders to avoid any drug trafficking instances. Drug trafficking involves smuggling of illegal drugs producing states such as Mexico to the consumer markets in other regions within the United States Organized Crime, on the other hand, is the practice of the offense through threats or violence and aims to collect legal or illegal rent from people in the community (Gavrilova

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Taming Of The Shrew (1094 words) Essay Example For Students

Taming Of The Shrew (1094 words) Essay Taming Of The ShrewIn the beginning of The Taming of the Shrew, some say Shakespeare portraysKatherina as a very shrewish figure. Others may argue that she is not shrewishbut just a very strong willed person. At the end of the play some people say sheis transformed into a very kind and gentle person, while again others will arguethat she is not tamed but just putting on an act to show up heryounger sister Bianca, whom has always been more beautiful and charming. Kate islike a wasp, like a foal, like foal that kicks from his halter; pert, quickand determined, but full of good heart. 1. This statement made by one author,shows clearly that he does not see her as shrew-like, even at the beginning ofthe play. The same author states that at the end of the play she has not reallytransformed, rather she has just fallen in love with Petruchio, in essence sheis free from torment because she is no longer seen as the shrew. In thebeginning of the play Kate is consistently in opposition to everyt hing aroundher2, meanwhile Bianca obeys so gently and with such sweet submission thatit is obvious why she is Baptistas favorite daughter2. In the end of theplay, the roles switch and Katherina is submissive to every word of Petruchioand Bianca resists the commands of her new husband. Kates first reaction toPetruchio, her mad wooer, is self-pity, and even her father feels that histreatment of her would vex a saint. He takes her away from the home she isused to, with servants and maids to wait on her hand and foot, to the country. There she is away from the luxurious town life and is cold, hungry and tired. She somewhat learns to watch her temper and obey Petruchio so that he will feedher so she can survive peacefully rather than miserably. I believe that hismethod of taming her is not cruel yet very effective. He shows her that she canget much farther and live life a lot happier if she is nice and entreatshim rather than fighting him. One author (pattern in carpet) says thatShakespeare sees Katherine and Petruchio as in love at first sight. He says thattheir fights are partly like a game and partly a matter of egoism. He seesKatherine as testing Petruchio making sure he is man enough to putup with the worst of her and prove to be the husband she requires. Petruchioaccepts her challenge with delight (and to get Baptistas money), passes allof her tests with ease and in fact does prove to be a suitable husband. Petruchio starts to tame her from the very first time they meet. He stays calmwhen she yells and does exactly the opposite of what she expects him to do. Hecontinues his taming at the wedding by acting even worse than she does, and in away, he paints a portrait of her for her to see. He believes that if she seesthe way she acts by repeating her actions, that she will want to change, to bemore pleasant. I think she acts the way she does in part because she doesntrealize what she does and to people and doesnt fully know why people call herthe shrew. By repeating how she acts Petruchio not only tames her but he winsher love. Even on their wedding day Kate is still furious and does not want tomarry Petruchio. She begins to declare that she will NOT marry him, but he cutsher off and gives her a kiss. Then he will not even let her stay for her ownwedding dinner. I believe that this is all part of his plan to tame her. In theend of the play, some may say she is tamed, while others will say she has justplainly fallen in love. But any way you chose to look at it, she is definitely achanged person. When the other men call for their wives, they send back a replystating that they are busy and just plain ignore their husbands commands. Onthe other hand, when Petruchio beckons Kate all of the men expect her to yelland scream as she always did. But to their surprise obediently came immediately. .u0a1721b137f5d8b7ef756443e9f7a7d1 , .u0a1721b137f5d8b7ef756443e9f7a7d1 .postImageUrl , .u0a1721b137f5d8b7ef756443e9f7a7d1 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u0a1721b137f5d8b7ef756443e9f7a7d1 , .u0a1721b137f5d8b7ef756443e9f7a7d1:hover , .u0a1721b137f5d8b7ef756443e9f7a7d1:visited , .u0a1721b137f5d8b7ef756443e9f7a7d1:active { border:0!important; } .u0a1721b137f5d8b7ef756443e9f7a7d1 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u0a1721b137f5d8b7ef756443e9f7a7d1 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u0a1721b137f5d8b7ef756443e9f7a7d1:active , .u0a1721b137f5d8b7ef756443e9f7a7d1:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u0a1721b137f5d8b7ef756443e9f7a7d1 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u0a1721b137f5d8b7ef756443e9f7a7d1 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u0a1721b137f5d8b7ef756443e9f7a7d1 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u0a1721b137f5d8b7ef756443e9f7a7d1 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u0a1721b137f5d8b7ef756443e9f7a7d1:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u0a1721b137f5d8b7ef756443e9f7a7d1 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u0a1721b137f5d8b7ef756443e9f7a7d1 .u0a1721b137f5d8b7ef756443e9f7a7d1-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u0a1721b137f5d8b7ef756443e9f7a7d1:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: The Danger in Trifles EssayShe even makes a speech to the other girls on how they too should be obedient totheir husbands. Once she is finally tamed, she would do anything to pleasePetruchio. One author states she would call the sun the moon, and address oldVincentio as a young girl3. She is so tamed by this point that she would evenkiss him on a public street at his command. An act like this would have beencompletely unthinkable at the beginning of the play. He even tries to kiss herin the beginning and she refuses so he must lie to Seignior Baptista to convincehim he has done a good job at wooing her. He also says that she has a new-builtvirtue, that not only wins the wa ger but it convinces her father to raise herdowry by twenty thousand crowns. The other view, that she is not really tamedhas its arguments as well. Some people see the end of the play as not a sign ofobedience, but just change. It is thought that she still has control over whatPetruchio does, but in a different, more mind manipulative way. She may besubmissive to him, but at the same time, he is just as submissive to her. Ithink that he didnt only tame her, but she tamed and controls him by craftand not violence. Katherina is not the only one in the play to undergo atransformation. Petruchio, in the beginning went to woo Katherina only formoney. He was offered a dowry by Seignior Baptista to get rid of Kate sohe could wed his younger daughter Bianca to one of her many suitors. By the endof the play, it is made clear that Petruchio too changed and had fallen in lovewith Kate. The relationship that they have at the end of the play is truly love. They both are willing to change to make each other happy and they both try inevery way possible to make peace in their family. The ironic part of the play isthat they both think that they have control over the other one. All in allKatherina undergoes a complete metamorphosis from the beginning of the play tothe end of the play. She starts out a girl, acting like foal trying to kick freefrom her harness and ends up a submissive, sweet, gentle and kind woman, whom iscontrolled yet, controls her husband Petruchio, whom she ends up loving dearly.

Monday, April 6, 2020

Employee Attitude Survey on Workplace Privacy

~Surveys, either formal or informal, can serve as effective means for evaluating the attitudes, feelings, values, beliefs, and expectations of a particular sample. By definition, a survey is basically a study undertaken to evaluate the feelings of a target audience or sample towards a particular area of interest (Cohen et al, 2007).Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Employee Attitude Survey on Workplace Privacy specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The responses can then be generalized to the whole population if appropriate measures are put in place to ensure data validity. It is imperative to note that every survey must have a well spelt out agenda, and details should be made available to respondents to give them the ability to respond to the questions posed The main purpose of this particular survey was to critically evaluate how the employees felt towards workplace regulations that inevitably affect their pr ivacy, and how such practices influence their performance and job satisfaction levels. Today, more than ever before, there exists glaring concerns about conflicts of interest between the employer’s role of safeguarding the safety and performance in the workplace on the one hand and the employee’s privacy interest on the other. Newspapers and other media channels are filled with reports of senior managers who conduct routine checks on employees’ desks, monitor telephone conversations, and install software application programs to monitor computers and emails. We only get to hear of such stories when an infuriated employee files a lawsuit against his or her employer for perceived infringement on privacy (Hubbartt, 1998). The survey targeted the private sector since the workers’ right to privacy in this particular sector is not essentially guaranteed by either the constitution or federal regulations There are many design issues involved in preparing an effect ive survey. First, it was decided that the survey will utilize quantitative research design since the main objective was to evaluate the relationship between the independent variable, which was workplace regulations towards privacy, and the dependent variables, entailing a multiplicity of attitudes and values held by the employees concerning how the regulations affects their performance and job satisfaction (Hopkins, 2000). Quantitative research designs can either be descriptive or experimental, and this particular survey opted for a descriptive study since it was interested in establishing associations between the above stated variables as opposed to establishing causality.Advertising Looking for research paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Having determined on the design to be used for the survey, it was also decided that the survey employ a cross-sectional approach since the respondents were measur ed once to determine the relationships (Hopkins, 2000). Afterwards, the desired sample size was established through both purposive and convenience sampling procedures. Purposive sampling was used since the researcher needed respondents who had adequate knowledge and understanding on privacy issues in the workplace. After this was established, convenience sampling was used. The latter technique samples people based on the principle of being in the right place at the right time (Cohen et al, 2007). Semi-structured questionnaires were also developed for the purposes of data collection. Questionnaires are advantageous in this type of survey due to their ease of application and tested ability to bring out salient information in the most objective manner possible (Cohen et al, 2007). Since this was an attitude survey, the researcher used the unstructured questions to explore new levels of knowledge, not mentioning the fact that such questions gave the respondents the leeway to expound the ir innermost feelings towards the variables under investigation. The above are some of the preliminary design issues that any researcher must be able to aptly solve in line with the key objectives of the study. The study design is particularly important as it determines the type of data that the researcher will receive from the field. Decisions on whether the study will adopt a descriptive or experimental approach are fundamentally important, especially in attitude studies where the researcher is mainly interested in knowing how a particular attitude or behavior develops, and why it develops (Cohen et al, 2007). I Issues of the actual data gathering tools are equally important since they are principally related with the validity and reliability of results. Validity can be basically described as the strength of our own conclusions, deductions, or propositions. Validity seeks to ask if certain inferences or conclusions made from a research study were right, and as such, it depends hea vily on the degree to which a particular data collection instrument employed in the survey is able to evaluate or measure certain issues of interest (Handley, 2005).Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Employee Attitude Survey on Workplace Privacy specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Reliability can be simply described as the consistency of measurement. In this particular stud, reliability was described as the degree to which the semi-structured questionnaire was able to measure the variables or phenomena consistently each time the instrument was under similar conditions. This ensured outstanding levels of uniformity in responses given out by the subjects (Handley, 2005). Lastly, it was decided that the questionnaire was to be self-administered, whereby the subjects were expected to fill in the answer either with or without the assistance of the researcher as situations would allow. The distinct advantages of s elf-administering the questionnaires in an attitude survey is that not only does the respondent feel free to answer objectively, but also the whole process takes a little time to complete (Cohen et al, 2007). Here, instructions for administering included: who should complete the survey; who should administer the survey; what instructions should be made available to the participants; what is needed for administering the survey; among others (Instructions, n.d.). As already mentioned, the questions were mostly structured to limit the subjects to the scales given. Some questions, however, were unstructured especially in areas where more explanations were needed. A five-point Lickert-type scale was used to scale and measure the responses. In this type of scale, the instructions would be: 5 represents the most important or strongly agree while 1 represents the least important or strongly disagree. Performing descriptive statistics on such scores will reveal their means, standard deviatio ns, maximum values, minimum values, among others. To achieve objectivity in interpretation of the results, the researcher may have to evaluate three or four questions simultaneously to establish valid relationship or run cross-tabulations (Manion et al, 2007). The importance of attitude surveys in evaluating the behaviors and actions of individuals can not, therefore, be put into question. There attitude surveys are used in nearly every field, from education to psychology to marketing and management to evaluate the perceptions, priorities, values, and expectations held by individuals regarding a particular practice, product, strategy, or service (Manion et al, 2007). In psychology, there are mostly used to come up with frameworks and theories as to how and why individuals behave the way they do when subjected to certain environmental incentives or negative rewards. Attitude informs the mindsets and behaviors of individuals the world over.Advertising Looking for research paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Reference List Cohen, L., Manion, L., Morrison, R.B. (2007). Research methods in education, 6th Ed. New York, NY: Routledge. Handley, C. (2005). Validity and Reliability in Research. Web. Hopkins, W.G. (2000). Quantitative research design. Sportscience, Vol. 4, Issue 1. Retrieved from Hubbartt, W.S. (1998). The new battle over workplace privacy: Safe practices to minimize to minimize conflict, confusion, and litigation, 1st Ed. New York, NY AMACOM. Instructions for administering employee safety perception surveys. (n.d.). Web. This research paper on Employee Attitude Survey on Workplace Privacy was written and submitted by user Naomi Vargas to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Monday, March 9, 2020

The Male Child Professor Ramos Blog

The Male Child It was a sunny afternoon on 21st of April 1986; I was on my way home from school when I suddenly notice a group of people in front of our home in Lagos, Nigeria. Moving closer, I noticed my Aunt was dancing and singing in our native dialect. Suddenly, my younger sister appeared and ran towards me shouting â€Å"Mummy gave birth to a baby boy†. I ran inside the house to see my Mum and my little brother, I smiled and thought to myself that finally I have a brother just like my friends. My mum and Dad had nine children, eight daughters and one son. The male was the only son and the last child of the family. The reason why my parents decided to have so many children was the search for a male child. In Africa, a male child is considered very important because he, as they put it, will be the one to carry on the family name and legacy. If a woman cannot give birth to a male child for her husband, then she won’t be accepted by the husband’s family and the husband will go out and marry another wife that will bore him a son. Before the birth of my brother my mum went through a lot of maltreatment from her in-laws. They come to the house and threaten here with all sorts, like telling her that they will kick her and her daughters out of my father’s house or they will tell her that they will marry another wife for my dad. We the children were not treated differently, they will look at us scornfully as if we were the cause of us been born as girls. They hurl insults at us, calling us different names. They wanted my father to have an heir of his own. They always say, â€Å"Girls don’t inherit their father’s properties†. My mum was always unhappy each time she gets pregnant and gives birth to another girl child. She was desperate for a son because my dad already got 2 women pregnant in his search for a male child. he wanted a son desperately. Unfortunately, both women gave birth to girls. After the birth of my brother, there was happiness and peace written all over my mum and dad. A very big party was thrown to celebrate the birth of an heir to my father. My father was proud to show off his son to all his friends. He was the happiest man on earth. Years after the birth of my brother, my dad treated my brother differently from the rest of us. If my brother doesn’t like a food that was being cooked, then they will have to cook his own type of food separately, of which we the girls didn’t have such privileges. My brother gets away with a lot of things, like sneaking out of the house with my dad’s car and getting into an accident with it. He wasn’t scolded for it, but if any of the girls seek permission to use his car, the answer is always a big â€Å"NO†. He attended a private school while the rest of us went to government public school. This reminded me of my friend’s dad that would rather send his male children to school and tell his daughters that school is not for girls. He will tell them that a woman’s place is in her husband’s house. All his sons went to school and got good education while his wife struggled to educate her daughters. He says his daughters will leave his home eventually when they get married and change their names from his to that of their husbands. So, it’s a waste to spend money in educating them. Today, all his daughters are professionals in their fields of study. He is so proud of them now that he doesn’t hesitate to tell whoever bothers to listen how proud he is of them. We weren’t allowed to bring boys home, my mum kept telling us that it is wrong to have male friends before marriage because a girl should keep herself pure and prepare herself for her wedding night. This is not the case with my brother, he brings his female friends’ home and my mum cooks for them and laugh with them. Despite the gender inequality been practiced in my home, my sisters and I got the quality education we wanted .Today we are all graduates and doing very well in our Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie the author of We should all be feminist said â€Å"And then we do a much greater disservice to girls, because we raise them to cater to the fragile egos of males. We teach girls to shrink themselves, to make themselves smaller. We say to girls: You can have ambition, but not too much. You should aim to be successful but not too successful, otherwise you will threaten the man. If you are the breadwinner in your relationship with a man, pretend that you are not, especially in public, otherwise you will emasculate him.† This explains a society where a female is only to be seen dressed beautifully for her husband and not to be heard. A society whereby a female is not given same opportunity as a male. A society that needs recues from been gender bias. Gender equality has taught me that though physically we are different, intellectually, innovatively and creatively we are the same. Presently, we have a lot of females going into professional field that was once termed the male domain. Today, we have female professors, neurosurgeons, engineers, even female astronauts etc. Gender inequality is still a major issue around the world. Female are still considered lesser than men, they earn lesser than their male counterpart at work. Female child education in some part of Africa is still lacking. Females are underrepresented in politics. There is need for reorientation of people to start viewing women and men has equal in all areas of life. There is a saying in my country that goes like â€Å"What a man can do, a woman can do twice more†.

Friday, February 21, 2020


BUSINESS MODEL INTERROGATION & DEVELOPMENT - Essay Example Therefore it is extremely important for managers to develop a sound business model as failing to do so would severely disrupt business operations (Hedman and Kalling, 2003). It is with regards to this fact that the researcher will be attempting to evaluate the business model of Toyota Motor Corporation (TMC). Emphasis will be given the manner in which the managers in this company have integrated and developed the business model. The researcher will explain the company’s performance and strategies in the dimensions of product and capital market. Besides that focus will be laid on the organization’s product portfolio. This will allow the researcher to comment on the advantages and drawbacks of the business model implemented by Toyota Motor Corporation and what extent the internal organizational structure contributed to the business model. In that way the researcher will be able to make recommendations regarding any changes that need to be brought within the business model and the organizational structure. TMC is a Multinational Corporation based in Japan which is mainly engaged in manufacturing and distribution of automobiles. The organization operates in three business segments which are automobile production, house design and financial services (Toyota, 2015a). Toyota is presently the market leader in the automobile industry. The company has achieved this stature by selling cars, minivans and trucks as a part of its business in the automobile segment (Thomson Reuters, 2015). Toyota’s business model is based on two fundamental strong frameworks: Kaizen and the lean production system (also referred to as the Toyota Production system). Kaizen means incessant improvements that are to be bought in the quality of products. The managers of Toyota believe in working their way towards innovation in order to develop processes that are aimed towards continuous product development and improvement. Kaizen is an integrated strategy which